Can we talk...about mental illness and suicide?
27 February 2013
Research findings highlight community attitudes to mental health
Research released by the National Mental Health Commission has found that Australians feel they lack the most basic knowledge of mental illness, and that many ‘don’t know a single sign to look out for’.
The report, titled ‘Can we talk… about mental health and suicide’, is based on informal group discussions around Australia which set out to recreate the conversations Australians are having about mental health and suicide at home, at work and with their friends.
National Mental Health Commissioner Janet Meagher says the study reinforces that while we have stories to tell, we are still struggling to make sense of mental illness and suicide.
"Around one in three Australians will experience a mental health difficulty at some stage in their lives, and when alcohol and drug-use disorders are included, this rises to close to one in two. However, we know that less than half of those Australians who experienced symptoms of mental illness in the past year actually consulted a health service.
"This study highlights that the stigma associated with accessing the mental health system is still one of the biggest barriers to treatment. We need to do better as a society to support people who need help. We can start by making mental health services a much higher priority for governments, and in the community," she said.
No single culture deals with mental illness and suicide well, according to the people who participated in the study. However, Australian culture is singled out for criticism for discouraging open and forthright communication and for a loss of community connectedness. Respondents of both sexes also agreed that there is a gender divide when it comes to talking about and seeking treatment for mental health difficulties (that is, men are less likely to talk about their problems or to seek help).
According to the study, suicide provokes strong, sometimes contradictory, emotions and reactions – and judgmental phrases permeate the language of many Australians. The research also found that whether someone is forgiving or judgmental in their outlook seems to turn on the degree to which they hold the individual, or their family, responsible for their condition (i.e. as a result of their genetic tree, mistreatment or neglect; or whether they contributed to its onset through their own folly due to drugs or other risky behaviour).
"We need to talk more about mental illness and suicide, and treat it as we would any other illness – as something that can affect anyone at any time. We need to make it okay for people to ask for help, and make it easier for people to talk to friends, family members or colleagues about how they are feeling," Commissioner Jackie Crowe said.
A number of participants in the study said they felt that Australia is in the midst of an epidemic of mental illness and suicide, while highlighting that if a health issue isn’t in the media, it can feel as if it doesn’t exist.
"This research was commissioned to provide insight into how we perceive and deal with mental health issues. Hopefully it can contribute to a more informed discussion on mental health difficulties and suicide prevention, that helps make these issues a priority for all Australians," Commissioner Crowe said.
Read the report: Can we talk...about mental illness and suicide? (PDF 712Kb)
"Even the most disadvantaged Australians should be able to lead a 'contributing life,' whatever that means for them and this simple goal will be our touchstone and yardstick."
Chair Prof Allan Fels AO
National Mental Health Commission